The Indian Space Agency will conduct a series of tests to validate the design and construction of the missile and orbital module system for the country’s prestigious space program, Gaganyaan, a senior official said.
He also said the space agency would soon build its own astronaut training facility and launch its first small satellite launch vehicle (SSLV) or small rocket in a few months.
“The design and construction of the launcher and orbital module system for Indian spaceflight has been completed. A number of tests must be performed to validate the design and construction of the systems in 2020,” said K.Sivan, chairman of the Indian space research organization (ISRO) said.
He spoke at the 70th Annual General Meeting and the National Conference on “Latest Developments in Aerospace and Defense Technology” organized by the Aeronautical Society of India.
According to Sivan, ISRO’s goal is to have the first unmanned flight by the end of next year.
The demonstration of human spaceflight is planned before India’s 75th Independence Day in 2022. Four Indians are undergoing astronaut training in Russia.
Sivan said that the new small rocket being built by ISRO is designed as an inexpensive space access option to cover a large number of small satellite launch programs.
He said the land purchase program for the construction of India’s second missile launch center in Kulasekarapattinam in Tamil Nadu was underway to ship the small missiles.
Sivan said using the existing rocket launch center in Sriharikota in Andhra Pradesh to launch small rockets would hamper ISRO’s regular launch programs.
According to him, SSLV’s first development flight will take place in a few months.
According to Sivan, the space agency is working to develop a 10-ton missile for the geostationary transfer orbit (GTO) and semi-cryogenic engine.
He also said ISRO has transferred its lithium-ion cell technology to industry and its commercial space, New Space India Ltd, will work to transfer technologies developed by ISRO.
Sivan said New Space will also market ISRO’s spin-off technologies inside and outside of India. It will be responsible for the transfer of small satellite and SSLV manufacturing to the industry.
He also said that the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) will soon be manufactured by the industry as a full rocket.