It was back in September when the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) attempted a soft landing the lander Vikram of the Chandrayaan-2 on the lunar south pole before it lost all communication with it. The lander was descending towards the moon before it went off its trajectory. Ever since then ISRO has been trying hard to locate the lander. But, it appears that the government of India finally has an answer about what happened to Vikram, as per the PTI report.
Jitendra Singh, the minister of state in the Prime Minister's Office, who looks after the department of space, revealed in a written reply to a question in the Lok Sabha, that “Chandrayaan-2's Vikram lander hard-landed as reduction in velocity during its descent did not match with the designed parameters”. Singh further added that “the first phase of descent was performed nominally from an altitude of 30km to 7.4km above the moon's surface and velocity was reduced from 1,683 metres per second to 146 metres per second”.
Moreover, Vikram was aiming for a soft landing, but hard-landed within 500 metres of the designated landing site due to the velocity change during the second phase. However, it’s still unknown as to what happened to Vikram after it made its landing on the moon.
Although there’s still a lot left to be known about the Vikram lander, most of the parts of technology demonstration, including the launch, orbital critical maneuvers, lander separation, de-boost and rough braking phase have been successfully accomplished. Also, all the eight advanced scientific instruments of the orbiter are providing valuable scientific data. This data collected by the Orbiter is being further provided to the scientific community was also reviewed recently.